Home Pets 56-YEAR OLD (HUMAN YEARS) DOG WHELP 15 PUPPIES TO BREAK 7 YEARS...

56-YEAR OLD (HUMAN YEARS) DOG WHELP 15 PUPPIES TO BREAK 7 YEARS OF INFERTILITY

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Infertility in dogs in Ghana is on the rise which tends to give dog lovers, professional dog breeders and Veterinary doctors huge challenge especially if the exact cause of the infertility is not well understood.

Talk to every breeder in the country and they can show you a dog that has been infertile for a number of years. Some bitches would conceive and abort along the line while others would not conceive at all or be able to father a puppy and in such situations Dog lovers ask lots of questions.

this article addresses one of the major causes of infertility in dogs in Ghana especially in dogs that are not examined properly by a veterinarian before crossing and dogs that have access to or live on the streets.

WHAT IS INFERTILITY IN DOGS

Infertility in male dogs is defined as the inability of the male dog to get a number of fertile bitches or female dogs pregnant and have puppies after successful mating or crossing

Infertility in a female dog or bitch is the inability of a female dog to get pregnant and keep pregnancy to term to deliver puppies after successful crossing with fertile male or males

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF INFERTILITY?

In the female dog, the common causes of infertility include:

Congenital abnormality

Congenital abnormality refers to when there is an anatomical abnormality in the bitch from birth, for example poorly developed uterus or absent uterus. in situations like this the bitch may never be able to give birth

Infections

one of the common causes of infertility in dogs in Ghana example cystic ovaries and tumors

Abnormal estrous cycle

one of the common causes of infertility in dogs. This condition is often related to abnormal hormone levels in the patient culminating in an unusual cycle

Abortion

This is when a bitch is not able to carry a pregnancy to term. a number of factors could result in this including hyperactivity of the pregnant bitch, trauma, administration of certain medication and diseases

In the male dog the commonest cause of infertility are azoospermia and benign prostatic hypertrophy

Azoospermia

This is ejaculation of seminal fluid without any spermatozoa. This occurs when the male dog is not able to produce sperms whether due to an infection or any other possible causes

Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

This refers to the increase in size and numbers of epithelial cell of the prostatic gland. fluid cyst may develop within the parenchymal of the prostatic gland.

DID YOU KNOW TRANSMISSIBLE VENEREAL TUMOR COULD CAUSE INFERTILITY?

CASE STUDY

HISTORY:

A call came from Accra, Ghana to attend to about 6 dogs from 3 different families. these dogs involved two males and 4 females. the males crossed all these 4 female dogs but for a number of years has not been successful.

Also Read: SUDDEN DEATH IN PIGS CAUSED BY AFRICAN SWINE FEVER IN GHANA

Snowie is an 8nyear old dog that whelped when she was a year old but has not been able to get pregnant for the remaining 7 years despite numerous attempts by owner to get puppies out of her.

Lydia was a 3 year old bitch that has not had puppies before but has had persistent bleeding for months.

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION

SNOWIE: Nothing remarkable except variably sized growth in the vagina

LYDIA: Nothing remarkable except serosanguinous discharge from vulva and hard variably sized multiple growth in the vagina such that a successful breeding will be impossible

BLACKIE: Was infertile but physical examination was not remarkable

TIGER:  She also had variably sized growth in her vagina but every other parameter was within normal range.

DIAGNOSTIC PLAN

  • Fine needle aspiration
  • Tissue sample for histopathology
  • Whole blood for full blood count

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSES

  • Canine transmissible venereal tumor
  • Vagina adenocarcinoma
  • Vaginal sarcoma

Unfortunately the owners could not afford the laboratory tests as well as the treatment.

TENTATIVE DIAGNOSIS:

Canine transmissible venereal tumor.

TREATMENT PLAN

Chemotherapeutic agents were used for this treatment. vincristine sulphate was used at two weeks interval with reassessment of patient.

REVIEW

The growths in the vagina of the 3 dogs resolved and they were able to go back to their normal life. they were all crossed in their next breeding season and all of them conceived.

Snowie the 8 year old dog was the last to whelp with 15 puppies, the rest had 6 ,7 and 4 puppies

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Dr. Enoch Obeng is a Veterinary Surgeon certified by the Veterinary council of Ghana. He graduated from the school of veterinary Medicine, University of Ghana. He has passion for and love animals which led him into training to become a veterinary Surgeon. His patience, humility, dynamism and adaptability enable him to execute tasks under pressure and make difficult tasks appear simple. His experience in general practice brings him closer to nature and his animal patients. Enoch Obeng is entrepreneurial and has a number of businesses registered to his name