Home Facts WHAT VACCINES DO I HAVE TO GIVE MY HORSES?

WHAT VACCINES DO I HAVE TO GIVE MY HORSES?

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Vaccinations prepare the body’s immune system for future infections. In other words,  vaccines alert the immune system of the horse that there is an impending danger. The immune system of the horse will then prepare a mechanism that is appropriate for that pathogen or disease-causing organism. This puts your horse ahead of the infection and when the infection strikes with all things being equal, your horse’s immune system will fight the disease without your horse showing signs of illness.

vaccination is the future of medicine which is to prepare the body for possible infections even before the disease strikes. In simple language, this explains how vaccines work

Are you a new horse owner, or you simply do not know what vaccines to give your horse in your respective country?   This article is for you!!!

In this article, countries are listed by name, and the recommended vaccines are listed in a tabular form. Just locate your country by name and check the corresponding recommended vaccinations.

Always discuss this very important information with your Local Equine Veterinarian for support and book an appointment to vaccinate your horses.

WHAT VACCINATIONS DO I HAVE TO GIVE TO MY HORSE IN MY SPECIFIC COUNTRY?

More than seven diseases in horses can be prevented simply by vaccination. These diseases include African Horse Sickness, strangles, Tetanus, Rabies, Eastern and Western Nile Equine Encephalitis, Equine Herpes, Potomac horse fever,  and equine influenza.

Although all these diseases can be prevented by vaccination, different countries vaccinate horses based on the diseases present in their country or where you acquired your horse from. Cases like sandy colic and colon displacement may not be prevented through vaccination, however good management can prevent or manage the situation.

there are 2 classifications of vaccines give:

  • Primary vaccines: these sets of vaccinations are mandated by law to protect your horse and other horses in your country: this may also vary depending on your country, however, most countries do rabies, Tetanus, West Nile virus as well as EEE/WEE
  • Risk-based Vaccinations: these are vaccinations that are given based on the presence of a risk factor or when there is a higher chance of your horses catching the infection. some of these include Botulism, anthrax, Herpes virus, Equine Influenza, Potomac Horse fever, equine viral arthritis, snake bite, Leptospirosis, and Rotavirus
# Country Recommended vaccines for Horses    
1

Afghanistan

African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid, rabies
2 Albania  Tetanus toxoid
3 Algeria African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
4 Andorra Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
5 Angola African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
6 Antigua and Barbuda Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
7 Argentina Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
8 Armenia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
9 Australia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
10 Austria Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
11 Azerbaijan Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
12

Bahamas

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
13 Bahrain Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
14 Bangladesh Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
15 Barbados Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
16 Belarus Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
17 Belgium Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
18 Belize Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
19 Benin African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
20 Bhutan African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
21 Bolivia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
22 Bosnia and Herzegovina Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
23 Botswana African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
24 Brazil Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
25 Brunei Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
26 Bulgaria Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
27 Burkina Faso African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
28 Burundi African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
29

Côte d’Ivoire

African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
30 Cape Verde African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
31 Cambodia African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
32 Cameroon African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
33 Canada Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
34 The central African Republic African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
35 Chad African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
36 Chile Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
37 China Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
38 Colombia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
39 Comoros African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
40 Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid, rabies
41 Costa Rica tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
42 Croatia tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
43 Cuba tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
44 Cyprus African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
45 Czechia (Czech Republic) tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
46

The Democratic Republic of the Congo

African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
47 Denmark Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
48 Djibouti African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
49 Dominica Tetanus
50 Dominican Republic Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
51

Ecuador

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
52 Egypt African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
53 El Salvador Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
54 Equatorial Guinea African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
55 Eritrea African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
56 Estonia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
57 Eswatini (fmr. “Swaziland”) African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
58 Ethiopia African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
59

Fiji

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
60 Finland Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
61 France Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus

62

Gabon

African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid, rabies
63 The Gambia African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid, rabies
64 Georgia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
65 Germany Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
66 Ghana African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
67 Greece Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
68 Grenada Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
69 Guatemala Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
70 Guinea African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
71 Guinea-Bissau African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
72 Guyana Tetanus
73

Haiti

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
74 Holy See Tetanus
75 Honduras Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
76 Hungary Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
77

Iceland

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
78 India African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
79 Indonesia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
80 Iran Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
81 Iraq Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
82 Ireland Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
83 Israel Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
84 Italy Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
85

Jamaica

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus, EVR
86 Japan Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
87 Jordan African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
88

Kazakhstan

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
89 Kenya African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
90 Kiribati Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
91 Kuwait Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
92 Kyrgyzstan Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
93

Laos

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
94 Latvia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
95 Lebanon Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
96 Lesotho African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
97 Liberia African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
98 Libya African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
99 Liechtenstein Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
100 Lithuania Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
101 Luxembourg Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
102

Madagascar

African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
103 Malawi African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
104 Malaysia African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
105 Maldives Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
106 Mali African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
107 Malta Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
108 Marshall Islands Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
109 Mauritania African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
110 Mauritius African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
111 Mexico Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
112 Micronesia Tetanus
113 Moldova Tetanus
114 Monaco Tetanus
115 Mongolia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
116 Montenegro Tetanus
117 Morocco African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
118 Mozambique African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
119 Myanmar (formerly Burma) Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
120

Namibia

African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
121 Nauru Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
122 Nepal Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
123 Netherlands Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
124 New Zealand Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
125 Nicaragua Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
126 Niger African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
127 Nigeria African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid, Equine Influenza vaccine
128 North Korea Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
129 North Macedonia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
130 Norway Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
131

Oman

African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
132

Pakistan

African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
133 Palau Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
134 Palestine State Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
135 Panama Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
136 Papua New Guinea Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
137 Paraguay Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
138 Peru Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
139 Philippines Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
140 Poland Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
141 Portugal Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
142

Qatar

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
143

Romania

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
144 Russia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
145 Rwanda African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid, rabies

146

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
147 Saint Lucia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
148 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
149 Samoa Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
150 San Marino Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
151 Sao Tome and Principe African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
152 Saudi Arabia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
153 Senegal African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
154 Serbia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
155 Seychelles African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
156 Sierra Leone African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
157 Singapore Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
158 Slovakia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
159 Slovenia Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
160 Solomon Islands Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
161 Somalia African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
162 South Africa African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid, Equine Herpes, Equine influenza
163 South Korea Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
164 South Sudan African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
165 Spain Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
166 Sri Lanka Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
167 Sudan African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
168 Suriname Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
169 Sweden Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
170 Switzerland Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
171 Syria Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
172

Tajikistan

Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
173 Tanzania African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
174 Thailand African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
175 Timor-Leste Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
176 Togo African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
177 Tonga African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
178 Trinidad and Tobago Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
179 Tunisia African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
180 Turkey African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
181 Turkmenistan Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
182 Tuvalu African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
183

Uganda

African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
184 Ukraine Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
185 United Arab Emirates Tetanus, Equine Influenza, Rabies
186 United Kingdom Tetanus, Equine Influenza, Equine Herpesvirus
187 United States of America Equine Influenza, Tetanus toxoid, rabies, EEE, WEE, West Nile virus
188 Uruguay Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
189 Uzbekistan Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus

190

Vanuatu

African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
191 Venezuela Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
192 Vietnam Tetanus, rabies, Equine Influenza, West Nile virus
193 Yemen African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
194

Zambia

African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid
195 Zimbabwe African Horse Sickness Vaccine, Tetanus toxoid

 

 

CAN I VACCINATE MY HORSE AGAINST SNAKE BITES?

YES!!! snake bites can be vaccinated against, however, this is very dependent on what types of snakes are available in your neighborhood and country. Different vaccine types for different snakes are available in different countries, call your local Vet and find out which types are available in your country.

 

CAN HORSES GET RABIES?

Yes!!!  rabies is a deadly disease that can infect all warm-blooded animals including horses and humans. Vaccinate your horse against rabies to protect your horse while keeping you and your family safe.

This article referred to materials as listed below and is aimed to complement and aid your understanding of your discussions with your local veterinarian.

Remember you do not have the right to vaccinate your horse by yourself, talk to your equine Vet.

 

Reference:

  • https://www.oie.int/
  • https://www.aphis.usda.gov/
  • https://extension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/ W659.pdf
  • https://emiratesracing.com/industry/vaccinationshttps: //emiratesracing.com/industry/vaccinations
  • https://aaep.org/document/adult-horse-vaccination-chart
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Dr. Enoch Obeng is a Veterinary Surgeon certified by the Veterinary council of Ghana. He graduated from the school of veterinary Medicine, University of Ghana. He has passion for and love animals which led him into training to become a veterinary Surgeon. His patience, humility, dynamism and adaptability enable him to execute tasks under pressure and make difficult tasks appear simple. His experience in general practice brings him closer to nature and his animal patients. Enoch Obeng is entrepreneurial and has a number of businesses registered to his name